星期四, 23 3 月, 2023

徐文立:薪火相传再造共和————在法国斯特拉斯堡欧洲理事会会议厅讲话(中英文)

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   徐文立

   ——————

   徐文立简介

   现任布朗大学沃森国际研究所资深研究员、并任美国“关注中国中心”主席、中国民主党全国联合总部主席。我曾是1978年中国民主墙运动的创建者和组织者之一,也是1998年中国民主党的创建者和组织者之一,因此被中共政府两次判处28年徒刑、实际服刑16年。2002年12月24日在美国政府与国际舆论的营救下,我流亡到了美国,2003年5月26日在布朗大学工作期间,被布朗大学授予荣誉博士称号。 

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   薪火相传 再造共和

   ——在法国斯特拉斯堡欧洲理事会会议厅讲话

   徐文立

   (2010年5月26日)

    各位来宾、各位朋友: 

    首先请允许我和任畹町、唐元隽、刘伟民、叶国忠、李东澄、金秀红、郭哲代表中国民主党全国联合总部感谢民主中国阵线的同仁们的热忱邀请。 

    请允许我讲以下三点 

    一, 中国社会已发生了根本性的“结构位移” 

    30年来中国社会因为中共“文化大革命”的彻底失败和一系列的包括1959-1962年三年就活活饿死了几千万人的惨痛的政治、经济失败之后,不得不进行的不完全的市场经济改革,虽然养肥了占中国整个人口百分之零点七左右的权贵私有集团,社会严重不公,道德滑坡,环境破坏,中国社会进一步黑社会化,但是他们自颁布“物权法”之后,客观上已放弃了共产革命的“公有制”,让“私有制”逐步合法化了,当然也更方便了权贵们抢夺应属于全体公民的社会财富,但是整个中国社会却发生了基础性的“社会位移”,在客观上为中国社会向以“私有制”为“基础的基础”的自由民主社会的转变创造了基础性条件。 

    悖论的是:今日中国大陸因暴富而得到了最大私人利益的权贵私有集团,它也不会主动地把这个“整体位移”拉回来。他们多数是一群只会作威作福、花天酒地、纸醉金迷、吸毒成瘾的吸血鬼,是不会也不可能顾及身后洪水滔天的当代路易十五们。所以,从这个意义上来说,中国权贵私有集团既是最大的掠夺者,同时又是中国大陆社会最大的“整体位移”的推手。 

    一个社会越是财富“私有”,它的上层管理机构最终越是可能“公有”,使得国家机器成为“公器”才成为可能。 

    以所谓“五七反右”和“零八宪章”的不同遭遇和境况为例展开阐述……;以西方社会和台湾社会的中央和地方分权和制约为例展开阐述……。 

    二, 中国社会可能不可避免地会要发生“颜色革命” 

    当今中国社会随着的各种社会矛盾的激化,中共18大之前党内争夺最高权力的斗争的白热化,特别是因为任何一个共产专制集团都绝对不会自动退出历史舞台,中国社会的政治结构要发生根本性的变化,恐怕非“颜色革命”不能完成。 

    三, “薪火相传,再造共和”可能是最佳的选择 

    一百年前,中国社会在孙中山、黄兴诸先贤领导下,成功地结束了延续了二千年多年的皇权专制社会,开创了亚洲第一共和,很可惜之后发生了“袁世凯复辟帝制”、军阀混战等等的种种不幸;六十多年前,我们中国人在1945年抗战胜利后,以当时的中国国民党为主导,团结了包括中共在内的全中国的各个政治党派,成功地召开了能和美国民主进程中有决定意义的“制宪会议”相媲美的“政治协商会议”和“制宪国大(国民大会)”,也制定了能和美国宪法相媲美的“南京宪法”,开创了中国社会的第二共和时期,在中国大陆再次不幸地被中共在前苏共的支持下,以武装叛乱的方式而中断,在台湾虽也有种种波折和不尽人意,这个法统却得以延续;中国社会要再次开创的就是既尊重我中华固有优良文化传统,又吸纳西方和现代普世价值的“中国第三共和”。今天,在“第五共和”的法兰西的斯特拉斯堡谈论“第三共和”,就更具有了象征性的意义。 

    我们中国民主党全国联合总部在今年初,提出的“纪念辛亥革命一百周年,薪火相传,再造共和”就是为了在中国开创 “第三共和”这个新时代;今年“纪念六四”21周年我们准备在德国柏林墙前举行的开启仪式,就是为了借当年被成功的1989年天安门民主运动掀翻的“柏林墙”的反作用力,去彻底推翻“中共一党专制”的这堵烂墙,开创一个自由、民主、仁义、公道的新中国,希望和民阵等等兄弟组织携手同进,共同努力,为人人自由幸福、安定富强的中国而奋斗! 

    谢谢大家! 

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   徐文立

   中国民主党全国联合总部主席

   美国“关注中国中心(CCC)”主席

   美国布朗大学沃森国际研究所资深研究员

   Wenli_xu@brown.edu

   Xwl1943@gmail.com

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   Xu Wenli Biographical 

   Xu Wenli, a Senior Fellow at the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University, the chairman of the Caring for China Center, and the chairman and co-founder of the China Democracy Party. Xu was also one of the founding members of the China Democracy Wall Movement in 1978. As a result of his activism, he was arrested twice by the Chinese government and sentenced to a total of 28 years in prison, of which he served 16 years. With the help and negotiation of the U.S. government and other international leaders, he was exiled to the United States on December 24, 2002. On May 26, 2003, he was awarded an honorary doctorate of humane letters by Brown University. 

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   Pass on the Flame, Rebuild the Republic

   Strasbourg, France

   Xu Wenli

   5.26.2010

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   Ladies and Gentlemen, Guests and Friends:

   First of all, on behalf of the China Democracy Party United National Headquarters, please allow me, along with Mr. Ren Wanding, Tang Yuanjun, Liu Weimin, Ye Guozhong, Li Dongcheng, Jin Xiuhong and Guo Zhe, to thank all our friends and colleagues from the Federation for a Democratic China for your warm invitation.

   Please allow me to make the following three points:

   1. The Chinese society is undergoing a fundamental “structural shift”.

   In the last thirty years, due to the complete disaster of the “Cultural Revolution” and a series of political and economic failures, such as the three-year-long Great Leap Forward that starved millions of people to death, the Chinese society was forced into a quasi-market-based economic reform. This reform fattened the pockets of the elites, who makes up only 0.7% of the Chinese population, and created extreme social injustices, deterioration of moral ethics, and destruction of the environment, causing the Chinese society to become increasingly “mafianized”. Since the Chinese government unveiled its “property rights laws”, objectively speaking, it has given up the concept of “communal ownership” that is so central to the communist worldview. Of course, by gradually legalizing private ownership, it has made the further usurpation of the wealth and properties of the country more convenient for the elites. This change represents a fundamental “structural shift” in the Chinese society—by establishing a system of private ownership, this shift has created the “condition of all conditions” that forms the foundation for China to transition towards a free and democratic society.

   Paradoxically, today’s Chinese elites, who made their fortune from the economic boom, will not try to pull China back from the “shift” I spoke of because the majority of them are corrupt, short-sighted, greedy, and power-hungry vampires, who could not and would not care about the implications of this seismic change—they are essentially a group of modern-day “Louis XVs”. Therefore, in a way, the Chinese elites are not only the biggest exploiters of the country’s wealth, they are also the biggest catalyst for China’s “structural shift”. 

   As the wealth of a society becomes more private-owned, its government institutions may eventually become more “public-owned”, paving the way for a government that truly serves the people. 

   We can explore this idea further by comparing the difference in reactions and circumstances to the “1957 Anti-Rightist Movement” and Charter 08. We can explore this idea further by looking at the federalist, central-local relationships and power division in the democratic societies of the West and in Taiwan. 

   2. The Chinese society may not be able to avoid a “Colour Revolution” 

   Considering the increasing social tensions and conflicts within the Chinese society, the intense power struggle inside the Communist Party ahead of its 18th Party Congress, and the historical fact that no Communist authoritarian regime ever voluntarily gives up power, if the Chinese political system were to undertake a fundamental change, a “colour revolution” may be unavoidable.

   3. “Pass on the flame, Rebuild the Republic” may be the best option

   One hundred years ago, under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen, Huang Xing and other visionary leaders, China successfully ended its two-thousand-plus years of imperial dictatorship and established Asia’s first republic. Unfortunately, it was short-lived, disrupted by Yuan Shikai’s “imperial restoration”, wars among the Chinese warlords and other ill-fated events. Sixty years ago, after we won the war against the Japanese invasion in 1945, under the initiative of the Kuomintang, with the participation of all political organizations at the time, including the Chinese Communist Party, China successfully convened its own “constitutional convention” and drafted its own “Nanjing Constitution”—a process comparable in historical significance to the drafting of the U.S. Constitution. The “Nanjing Constitution” essentially established China’s second republic, but it again ended quickly after the Chinese Communist Party waged a violent civil war, fueled by support from the former Soviet Union. However, the republic system, despite many struggles and difficulties, survived in Taiwan and continues to function today. What the Chinese society needs is to establish is a “third republic”, which respects the traditions and values of the Chinese culture and integrates modern western concepts and universal values. Speaking today in Strasbourg, during France’s Fifth Republic, gives our hope for China’s “third republic” a special, symbolic meaning.

   Early this year, the China Democracy Party United National Headquarters announced the mission to “Commemorate the 100th Anniversary of the Revolution of 1911, Pass on the Flame, Rebuild the Republic”, in order to bring about this new era of China’s “third republic”. We launched our commemorative ceremony of the 21st anniversary of the June 4th Massacre in front of the Berlin Wall this year, in order to channel the strength of the Tiananmen Square democracy movement to one day bring down the decrepit wall of the Chinese Communist authoritarianism and establish a new China that is free, democratic, humane, and just. We hope to join hands with the Federation of a Democratic China and other like-minded organizations, and work towards a strong China, a prosperous China, a free China. 

    Thank you everyone.

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   Xu Wenli

   President of Caring for China Center

   China Democracy Party co-founder

   Senior Fellow 

   Watson Institute for International Studies 

   Brown University

   Box 1970 

   111 Thayer ST

   Providence, RI 02912-1970

   Wenli_xu@brown.edu

   Xwl1943@gmail.com

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(徐文立:薪火相传再造共和————在法国斯特拉斯堡欧洲理事会会议厅讲话(中英文) 全文完博讯www.peacehall.com)

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